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Before you begin your test, the examiner will inform you of the amount of time you have to complete the test. You will not be asked to do anything illegal during the road test. The examiner will explain the test, and you should follow her or his instructions. The examiner is not allowed to coach you during the test, so if you have any questions, ask them before you begin. While the Level One road test checks your basic driving skills, the Level Two road test is much more demanding.

You should learn the proper driving skills as soon as you become a Level One driver so you can get as much driving experience as possible before taking the Level Two test. For the Level Two test, you must demonstrate a high level of driving skill and knowledge. You will also have to show that you can drive well on a freeway or high-speed highway. While you are taking the test, the examiner will be watching to see how well you control your vehicle and perform such driving tasks as starting, stopping, turning, parallel parking and three-point turning.

The examiner will check your observation skills, including when and how often you use the mirrors, where you look, and how you respond to traffic, signs, pavement markings and possible hazards. You will be tested on how well you manage the space around your vehicle, your ability to make safe lane changes and how closely you follow and stop behind other vehicles. How you communicate with other road users, using turn signals and brake lights and making eye contact with other drivers and pedestrians, will also be noted, as well as the correctness of your driving decisions, such as knowing when to yield the right-of-way.

Learn more about Level Two road test. At the end of each test, the examiner will give you a complete report of your skills and explain any mistakes you have made. If you fail the test, the report will show you where you need to improve. When you have had more practice, you can make an appointment to take the test again. You must wait at least 10 days between tests. Applicable road tests fees will be payable. You must complete a Declaration of Highway Driving Experience form, describing the highway driving experience you have, before taking the road test. Bring the following items to the test:.

If you cancel or reschedule your road test appointment with less than 48 hours notice, or if you fail to attend your appointment, your prepaid road-test fee will not be refunded. Under certain extenuating circumstances only such as a death in your immediate family , the road-test fee will remain as a credit on your driving record. If your vehicle does not meet ministry standards for the purpose of a road test, or if there is a non-vehicle-related reason for which the examiner determines that the road test cannot be completed, the examiner declares the road test out-of-order.

If your road test is declared out-of-order, you lose 50 per cent of your road test fee. The other 50 per cent of the fee remains as a credit on your driving record, and may be applied when booking a new road test. In order to book the new road test, you will have to pay the 50 per cent of the fee deducted due to the out-of-order. If you have any concerns that your road test may be declared out-of-order, contact the DriveTest Centre before your scheduled test to discuss it.

If you are a new resident of Ontario and have a valid driver's licence from another province or country, you can use that licence for 60 days in Ontario. If you want to continue to drive after 60 days, you must get an Ontario driver's licence. Ontario has licence-exchange agreements with every Canadian province and territory including Canadian Forces Europe. Drivers will receive a full Class G licence, provided they have an equivalent class licence.

If you have fewer than two years of driving experience, you may get credit for your experience and enter Level Two of the graduated licensing system. Once you have a total of two years of driving experience, you may take the Level Two road test to earn full driving privileges. Driving customs vary from place to place. Exchange agreements apply to licensed motorcycle drivers from Canada, the United States, Australia and Switzerland. If you have less than two years of driving experience, you may get credit for your experience and enter Level Two of the graduated licensing system.

However, credit for holding a motorcycle licence from one of these countries will be granted for previous motorcycle experience when applying for a Class M motorcycle licence in Ontario. If you hold a motorcycle licence from another Canadian jurisdiction that is equivalent to Ontario's restricted Class M licence, you will be able to exchange your licence for a restricted Class M Ontario licence. That is why experienced drivers from other countries should familiarize themselves with Ontario's laws.

The rest of this handbook gives you information you need to pass your tests and to keep your driving privileges once you get your licence. The written test may ask you about:. Make sure you know the information in this handbook before you take these tests.

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Sample test questions that could appear on the knowledge test. As a new driver, your choice of professional driving instruction may be the best way to put yourself safely in the driver's seat. A beginner driver education BDE course in a driving school that has been approved by the provincial government can teach you the skills and attitudes you need to be a safe and responsible driver. The BDE course may also make you eligible to take your road test sooner and allow you to save money on insurance premiums.

As well as teaching the basics, driver training emphasizes strategic driving techniques, positive driving attitudes and behaviour, avoiding driver distractions, risk perception and management, freeway driving, night driving and driving in adverse conditions. Most programs are designed for new drivers, but many driving schools also provide courses and services to upgrade your skills. If you graduate from an approved BDE course, this will be noted in your driver's licence history, and will reduce the time you must spend at Level 1 by four months.

It may also bring you savings on your car insurance. All ministry-licenced driving schools offer in-class and in-car training for a fee. All lessons are taught by a ministry-licensed driving instructor. Ministry-approved BDE courses, offered by driving schools, must last a minimum of 40 hours. This may consist of at least 20 hours in-class, 10 hours in-vehicle and 10 hours of flexible instruction that may include the following:. The ministry licenses all driving schools offering a BDE course in Ontario. Licences are renewed every three years, if driving schools continue to meet legislative and program requirements.

Only licensed instructors working for licensed schools can teach the BDE course. All ministry-approved driving schools are listed on the ministry's website. The ministry also lists revoked driving schools that are not on the list of approved schools. Look at the website for an active ministry-approved driving school that offers high-quality instruction and a comfortable learning environment.

Please make sure the school offers a ministry-approved BDE course of a minimum of 40 hours. The school should also be equipped with up-to-date videotapes, DVD s, projectors, overheads, computers, and other audio-visual aids. To help you choose the best driving school and course for you, please use the following checklist:. The Ministry of Transportation strives to be a world leader in moving people and goods safely, efficiently and sustainably to support a globally competitive economy and a high quality of life.

Skip to main content. Getting Your Driver's Licence. Diagram a-3 Class D A motor vehicle exceeding 11, kilograms gross weight or registered gross weight or any truck or combination provided the towed vehicle is not over 4, kilograms May also drive in class G Diagram a-4 Class E Allowed to drive any school purposes bus - maximum of passenger capacity May also drive in class F and G Diagram a-5 Class F Allowed to drive any regular bus - maximum of passenger capacity - and ambulances May also drive in class G Diagram a-6 Class G Allowed to drive any car, van or small truck or combination of vehicle and towed vehicle up to 11, kilograms provided the vehicle towed is not over 4, kilograms.

Diagram b-1 Class G1 Level One of graduated licensing. Class G2 Level Two of graduated licensing. Class M Allowed to drive any motorcycles, including motor tricycles, limited-speed motorcycles motor scooters and motor-assisted bicycles mopeds. Diagram b-2 Class M1 Level One of graduated licensing for motorcycles, including motor tricycles, limited-speed motorcycles motor scooters and motor-assisted bicycles mopeds.

Class M2 Level Two of graduated licensing for motorcycles, including motor tricycles, limited-speed motorcycles motor scooters and motor-assisted bicycles mopeds. Class M with L condition Holders may operate a limited-speed motorcycle or moped only. Class M2 with L condition Holders may operate a limited-speed motorcycle or moped only. Diagram b-3 Class M with M condition Holders may operate a motor tricycle only. Class M2 with M condition Holders may operate a motor tricycle only.

Diagram b-4 Note: What kind of licence? Graduated licensing New drivers applying for their first car or motorcycle licence enter Ontario's graduated licensing system. Applying for a licence To apply for a licence, you must show proof of your legal name, date of birth showing day, month and year of birth and signature. Proof of indentification Any one of the following documents may be used to satisfy the requirement to provide proof of legal name, complete date of birth and signature: The following documents are acceptable as proof of date of birth and legal name: Canadian or U.

Birth Certificate The following documents are acceptable as proof of signature: Driver's Licence Canadian and U. Clients may choose to produce their Ontario health card for proof of signature. The health card and health number will not be recorded or photocopied Proof of legal name If additional documents presented to prove date of birth or signature do not indicate the applicant's legal name for example, the name has been changed or is different on the two documents presented , the applicant will be required to provide additional documents as proof of legal name.

The following additional documents are acceptable as proof of legal name: Marriage certificate Canadian or foreign, government-issued Change-of-name certificate Court order for adoption, change of name or divorce must bear legal name, date of birth and court seal To confirm complete date of birth where no or only partial date of birth is available: Sworn affidavit stating reason why partial or no date is available, with supporting documents.

Please contact ServiceOntario at or toll free at Canada-wide for further information. Declaration from a guarantor If an applicant is unable to present one of the above documents as proof of signature, they may present an original, completed declaration from a guarantor form attesting to their signature.

To obtain a guarantor form: Download the declaration-from-a-guarantor form from the Ministry of Transportation's website or the DriveTest website or, Request a copy of the form at any DriveTest Centre. Graduated licensing requirements Here are the rules you must follow at each level: While at Level One, the following rules apply: You must not drive if you have been drinking alcohol. Your blood-alcohol level must be zero. You must not drive alone; an accompanying driver must sit in the front passenger seat.

This is the only person who can be in the front seat with you while you drive. The accompanying driver must have a valid Class G or higher licence, at least four years of driving experience and a blood-alcohol level of less than. Time spent at the Class G2 level, as long as the G2 licence was valid not suspended , does count toward the accompanying driver's four years of experience.

The accompanying driver's licence may have demerit points, but it cannot be suspended. Each person in the vehicle must have a working seatbelt. However, if your accompanying driver is a driving instructor, you may drive on any road. You must not drive between midnight and 5 a. Bring the following items to the test: Two pieces of identification Money for test fees — cash, debit or credit card Glasses or contact lenses if you need to wear them to drive G1 exit test — checklist Before taking the G1 exit test, make sure you have studied the Official MTO Driver's Handbook.

Vehicle in good working order Money for test fees if applicable Glasses or contact lenses if you need to wear them to drive Arrive at least 30 minutes before Road Test appointment Level Two Class G2: At Level Two: In the first six months after receiving your G2 licence, you are allowed to carry only one passenger aged 19 or under.

After six months with your G2 licence and until you obtain your full G licence or turn 20, you are allowed to carry up to three passengers aged 19 or under. Road tests Road tests check your driving skills in the vehicle and in traffic. Vehicle in good working order Money for test fees if applicable Glasses or contact lenses if you need to wear them to drive Arrive at least 30 minutes before Road Test appointment Failure to attend road test, or short notice cancellation If you cancel or reschedule your road test appointment with less than 48 hours notice, or if you fail to attend your appointment, your prepaid road-test fee will not be refunded.

Out-of-order road test If your vehicle does not meet ministry standards for the purpose of a road test, or if there is a non-vehicle-related reason for which the examiner determines that the road test cannot be completed, the examiner declares the road test out-of-order. New Ontario residents If you are a new resident of Ontario and have a valid driver's licence from another province or country, you can use that licence for 60 days in Ontario. Licence Exchange for Countries with Reciprocating Jurisdictions Ontario has licence-exchange agreements with every Canadian province and territory including Canadian Forces Europe.

Applicants who fulfill these requirements can obtain a G1 licence. In my favorite songs, this stance-causation is essentially moral-ethical — it makes me feel more able to go out and live. How does the song accomplish this? Was that the intention? This led me to assume the song had to be a result of weeks of arranging. But reportedly the band recorded it in one take, learning it from the songwriter Jeff Tweedy as the tape rolled. The song starts with a catchy eight-note guitar riff, to which it keeps returning, like a well-intentioned guy steering back to his mantra. Via inventive instrumental fills and a false ending from which it rejuvenates with renewed purpose , it manages the strange task of seeming contemplative while escalating like crazy.

What does the song mean? Well, a great song means beyond simple sense. It means by how it sounds. The trip cost him something but was so deep that he has to share it. The song is, yes, O. The effect of all of this on the listener — this listener anyway — is transformative. I feel a positive alteration in my body and mind: At first, I thought my MP3 must have been corrupted.

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The effect is so jarring that it can easily be mistaken for an error, a glitch in the stream. When I learned that this tear into white noise was intentional, I was shocked. This went beyond breaking the rules. What matters here is the rupture. Someone is controlling this switch. A young man has been unexpectedly silenced. Out of that hardship, Staples emerged as a streetwise Everyman whose lyrics and musical production are uniformly lean and unsentimental. His compressed rhymes sparkle with aphoristic detail.

There are no radio-friendly singles here. The preternaturally gifted rapper dresses in unflashy T-shirts and jeans. Over a lurching, industrial beat, Staples explains: And even when one can voice his or her mind freely, to be a successful black rapper is to perform your persona before a predominantly white audience, whose aggregate opinion determines your worth. Staples knows that possibilities for mainstream black visibility are few and fraught.

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Black entertainers in the celebrity spotlight mark one extreme, the grainy videoclips of African-Americans dying at the hands of the police, whose name-recognition is always posthumous, another. How to speak against that? You can only unplug. Their looking was the only thing to see. White noise is a spray of pitches and volumes that contains all audible frequencies.

It is constant and patternless. His signal fritzes into static with a snarl of hope: Noise and silence mark the edges of what can be considered music. To end an album like this points to a world beyond the song and to hands manipulating the transmission. The next night, at Union Pool in Williamsburg, audience members who looked to have come straight from their jobs at Vice Media or Kickstarter exchanged similar glances — Case closed, my bearded, craft-beer-drinking friend — when she began to sing.

The two deliveries of the line play up countervailing qualities of desperation and resolve in her voice. This instantly detectable tension in her voice causes listeners to become alert, even alarmed, the moment she starts singing. Then she broke it when she fell off a piece of playground equipment in elementary school, and again a few years ago when, in a moment of drunken hilarity at a backyard party in East Nashville, a good friend accidentally smashed her in the face with a massive belt buckle weighted with bullets.

Price endured a run of professional disappointment and personal sorrow after arriving in Nashville in With her husband, Jeremy Ivey, who plays bass in the Price Tags and writes songs with her, she tried her hand at rock and soul and made a brief, unhappy foray into writing commercial country music. Serially turned away, ripped off and let down by operators in the music industry, she grew used to selling her meager possessions to pick up and start over, waitressing, hoping for some luck.

Five years ago she gave birth to twin sons, one of whom died of a rare heart ailment two weeks later. Another name for that sound is Americana: Pointing in particular to the career of Stapleton — who went from writing pop-flavored radio fare for established stars to become a major-label juggernaut singing spare, bluesy songs in the outlaw country mold — Swank says: He directed her to the Into the Circle dressing room, reserved for performers making their Opry debuts. Its walls are lined with quotes from country-music stars about how intimidated they were the first time they played the Valhalla of country music.

Friends and family were temporarily shooed away as she put on something tight and fringed. Foot traffic milled in and out of other dressing rooms along the hall, and from one came a furious burst of picking as a bluegrass band warmed up. Good to have somebody come out here and sing country again. Carlo Rotella is the director of American studies at Boston College. L ate last spring, the country-music star Keith Urban sent a text message to Matt Chamberlain, one of the busiest and most respected drummers in music.

Would Chamberlain be willing to fly out from Los Angeles to Nashville to give it a shot? The two worked together several years before, and Chamberlain was good friends with Dann Huff, a producer on the project, so he packed up his sticks and a newly acquired Elektron drum machine and headed east. Chamberlain, 48, is a session player paid by the project, a below-the-radar rock star who often shows up only in the liner notes.

In a world of dwindling recording budgets and increased automation, he could well be the last one drumming before software takes over completely. Chamberlain assembled a drum loop — a small-scale mechanical repetition born more of hip-hop than country — and then played live drums over the loop, deepening the timbre and also providing accents and fills when the movement of the verses seemed to require it. Within a couple of hours, the drums-bass-and-voice opening and the entire vibe of the song were effectively complete. Country Airplay chart. This is the work of the modern session drummer, and it is why, when a major-label project needs drums, Chamberlain is often the first person producers call.

When we met in Los Angeles in February, he posed his value proposition as a question: And so he lives at an odd intersection, or perhaps a vanishing point; part virtuoso whose skills have never been more relevant, part John Henry figure, hammering away as music is increasingly composed and performed by machines. In his younger days, with straggly hair down to his shoulders, Chamberlain very much looked the part of a touring musician with a soft spot for recreational drugs. Chamberlain in middle age still has a youthful bearing about him, like a lot of people who genuinely enjoy what they do, and he dresses low-key California: He rarely misses a chance to make a joke at his own expense, but there is a seriousness, an earnestness, that never quite disappears.

He drives a Volvo. He has a full recording studio set up: There are drums everywhere, more than anybody should rightly own, stacked on top of each other and hanging from racks: As he finished giving me a tour, he said: These are the physical versions of the samples. He cued up the track and then, without any practice, played along with it, sounding so much like the programming that it was almost hard to believe it could be a live performance.

Within an hour or two, the track acquired shaker, tambourine and four flourish-filled runs on a full drum kit, just to give the production team some different options. Chamberlain is an elegant player; no movement is wasted. He plays with a traditional underhand grip, which is more often associated with jazz than rock. Then he went home to make pasta with his wife.

Chamberlain was 15 when he decided to learn how to play the drums. As a kid in Los Angeles, he had access to some real talent. He found David Garibaldi, the drummer for the soul band Tower of Power, and began taking lessons. Afterward, he would hang around at the Professional Drum Shop on Vine Street, to pick up drum books and listen to older local drummers talking shop at the counter.

North Texas State now the University of North Texas accepted him into its music program on a scholarship, but he lasted less than a year. For a while he slept in his practice room with his head on the pillow in his kick drum. After he left school, Chamberlain moved to the Deep Ellum neighborhood of Dallas, about 40 miles away, where he played in several bands, often just for food or enough cash to put gas in his car. The band, without Chamberlain, has since reunited. After a year, though, Chamberlain decided to move to Seattle.

But demand for his services remains strong. In a poll to be published later this year, the readers of Modern Drummer have named him the best studio player in the business. On another perfect California day, Chamberlain was back in his Sound City studio, laying down beats for a company called the Loop Loft.

The job was notable largely because it involved no musical collaborators at all. The Loop Loft pays virtuosic drummers to create bulk rhythms that the company sells for a lump sum. The software is designed for people who are making records in their garages and basements or for commercial producers scoring an advertisement or the end of a television program. For Hakim, Gruss had typed out descriptions of beats and suggested tempos to go along with them, but there was no such list for Chamberlain. As an engineer got the kit sounding right in the control room, Chamberlain roamed over the drums and settled into a rhythm that Gruss liked.

Over the next four hours, Chamberlain would roll through nine other grooves and five different setups, swapping out drums and cymbals in search of new sounds and textures. Sample song title: When the Loop Loft session was over, Chamberlain wandered in and out of the control room, packing up his gear for another recording stint with Keith Urban. This time the sessions would include the Welsh bassist Pino Palladino, one of the most respected players around.

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Instead of adding drums to a previously recorded track, Chamberlain would be playing live with Palladino in the studio. Chamberlain loves playing live above all else, for those moments when the music takes an inexplicable turn but somehow everybody stays together. No machine could match it. Musical duets are usually ordered by heterosexual difference and its various dramas.

As in: She gives, he takes. He pleads, she refuses. They may reconcile, but the performers always observe the classic sex distinction — making the circumstances of the female vocalist a good barometer for the circumstances of female speech in general. The women put on their respective versions of a placid attitude — Rihanna sings with cheek, SZA cheerlessly. Each is calm but, you suspect, coursing toward some possible furor. The closeness approaches uncanny, suggests an erotics of the self.

The way Rihanna likens herself to our most uncivil cultural child, Peter Pan: Rihanna often returns to Barbados, the landmass that bore her. What kind of pedals? What amp? Actual bugs. It was cute. It has received around , views on YouTube. The more famous DeMarco gets, the more accessible he seems to become. This invitation, like much about DeMarco, might seem tongue-in-cheek but is in fact sincere.

The house he rents in Arverne, Queens, is an unprepossessing four-bedroom cottage in a lower-middle-class neighborhood, with cigarette butts peppering the lawn. When I rang his bell, he came to the door in boxers and a rumpled Hugo Boss T-shirt, greeted me with slightly bleary-eyed politeness, then led me past guitar cases and piles of laundry and a cluster of half-inflated party balloons to the kitchen, where Kiera McNally, his girlfriend of five years, was baking gluten-free banana bread.

Over a cup of diner-style coffee — from an industrial steady-drip machine that DeMarco pointed out to me with pride — I asked what the repercussions of inviting hundreds of thousands of fans to his house had been.

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It can get a bit weird. The music DeMarco makes has been enthusiastically received by critics, but reviews of his albums can be frustrating to read: King Sunny Ade came to mind as I listened, as did Jerry Garcia, an acknowledged influence, but I found it nearly impossible to pin down the music I was hearing, or even to date it. There just happens to be this thing called the Internet around. The family has musicians on both sides: Agnes herself had a stint, as a teenager, singing at parties and weddings around Edmonton.

At 16, Mac started recording songs in his room, by himself — the way he still records all his music — and playing in a band called Belgium with two friends from high school, Alec Meen and Peter Sagar. I always hated the name Belgium. In Vancouver, where he lived for a time in the boiler room of a printmaking studio for Canadian dollars a month, DeMarco continued recording songs, posting them on Myspace under the name Makeout Videotape.

They were all these great, noisy, lo-fi bands, and I halfway fit in, mainly because I had no idea how to record. But I was trying to write Beatles songs the whole time. While performing at a music festival in Calgary, DeMarco reconnected with McNally, whom he knew in high school, and within the year they moved to Montreal together. But I found something in those songs that I could use.

After a barely perceptible hesitation, he played the songs gently, sincerely and with a devotion and skill that were never entirely obscured by the grin on his face or the jokes he cracked. I take a helicopter to work. I was reminded, watching them together, of something DeMarco told me on our drive. Not a thing. The platinum-selling doo-wop duet features the artist Meghan Trainor who, like Puth, has thus far used her considerable songwriting talent to create songs so depthless they feel like waxworks. Just like they say it in the song: In , Gaye recalled to his biographer, he was listening to one of his songs playing on the radio when it was interrupted by a news bulletin about the riots in Watts.

The main reason: For the first time, homeboy is furious, as if he has just realized that the only response to the stereotype of the angry black man is to get angrier. Black artists, as they conquered the mainstream, were getting even blacker. Black love, black empowerment, black history and black wisdom are explored so deeply and intelligently that you assume that conservative media fetish, black-on-black crime, will never show up. I was right there with him until that third verse.

The second verse widens the focus and ups the power. Part of the thrill as a listener is hearing him go there, go further than anybody else. The last couplet on the second verse echoes the first, with a crucial change: In the first instance, exploitation and indifference make him a killer. It was almost unbearable to anticipate what this prophet of rage was going to drop next. I could feel the verse pulling away from me as soon as he got halfway into it.

It turned into call-and-response, me and this third verse, which went a little something like this:. No, dude, those are two nations going to war. Xhosa get compared to gang warfare? Because it weakened them both in the face of the real enemy? Either all war is hell, or all war is thuggery. No, brother, no! Here was a black man invoking the detestable slogan of black-on-black crime to prevent himself from mourning the unjustifiable homicide of a black boy by a Neighborhood Watch vigilante. All I could think was: Where the hell was Kendrick going?

Things can get messy when the black gaze turns inward, to this thing called personal accountability. Personal responsibility. Personal respectability. A woman has the right to wear what she wants, but. Black men can wear hoodies and let their pants sag, but. Rap has never been scared of being contrarian, and so here I thought that maybe he was deliberately playing with the idea, deliberately embodying the perspective to eventually show it up for what it was.

Nas once wrote a song from the point of view of a gun. It starts from within. Martin Luther King Jr. That kind of thinking almost suggests that racism makes sense. But racism makes no sense. And in scrambling for answers, you look everywhere, even within: Did I do something to bring this on? Was a part of this outcome in even the slightest way my fault? Fact is, black people have always believed in respectability politics. Our stories are everywhere: We achieved. Everybody knows how hard we Jamaicans work. Maybe you should stop whining about your troubles and own up to your laziness.

Maybe if you do what I did, you would be manager of that Chase branch on the corner, just like me. Bootstrappism is the chocolate echo of white racism.

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You can find it in black self-help and how-I-became-a-millionaire books. Nearly every time Steve Harvey addresses black people. It was Kendrick doing what he does better than anybody else: And this is what he was aiming for all along, questioning what even many black people would never dare question, arguing that yes, every argument, even this one, has two sides. More sides. And then I got to that song, No. Almost implosive. The smarter me looked in the mirror and asked: Who is the one expecting the black man to be Everyman, black man to reflect the universal good will, or at the very least a carefully curated black rage directed at a carefully identified target?

Hip-hop has always been about spinning clever fictions, doing what great narratives do: We do this over and over, judging artists of color based on a warped idea that legitimacy can come only from experience. You would think I would know better, given that as a novelist, I deal with the same assumption in nearly every interview. Young men, murderers before 15, murdered before Nearly everybody assumed that I had experienced some of this. By what authority was I telling these stories? And here I was doing the same thing to Kendrick. How someone can feel rage at murder while being fine with suicide.

He was exploring these themes as concepts — you know, that thing that artists do. He was posing tricky, difficult questions, for which there were no answers, getting into the middle of his song, feeling it, breathing it, but still inventing. That it must be autobiography or documentary. Or thought Johnny Cash ever murdered anybody or knew anyone who did.

Marlon James , a novelist, is the recipient of the Man Booker Prize. Free Max B! A cultural ferment, frozen in amber. It was a muscular, thoughtful record. Her husband watches, arrested for possession of a small amount of weed: Run the Jewels, continue to push boundaries with their latest music video. Watch it in virtual reality. Listening makes the blood rush to your cheeks, your heartbeat pulse behind your eyes.

The value of the album is held between those two songs: It captures the variegated sides of black life in America and its specific feeling, a dizzying mix of frustrated helplessness and joyous survival. Run the Jewels gets this. If you listen closely, through their artful grandstanding, you can hear a radical politics. Which is another way of saying the truth; listen, and hear the world change.

It used to be, if you wanted to vibrate at the same frequency as the Mayan spacemen, you needed to move to a Southwestern city that specialized in horse art. It used to be, if you wanted your aura photographed, you had to go to a cramped Chinatown crystal shop. Places that are, for lack of a better word, hip.

It used to be, if you bought an album from a small Vancouver electronic-music label, you could expect some kind of weird minimal techno. These days? Do you catch my drift? It sounds like a poster of a wolf. It sounds like a hologram sticker of a dolphin. It sounds like a tattoo of an open eye. It sounds like the font Papyrus. Why would urban-dwelling gentrified-Brooklyn types embrace the atavistic philosophies of conspiracy theorists and mononymous zither players? One answer is that this is how cool works: Things that used to be uncool become cool, and vice versa.

We live in an age of aggressive positivism, a world overtaken by metrics and markets. To accuse New Age revivalism of insincerity — reducing the possibilities of belief to a binary — is to miss the point. The gentle woo-woo spirituality of New Age is attractive because it refuses the grinding realities of life spent in the shadow of Wall Street and Hollywood and Silicon Valley.

If a minute New Age symphony can make you feel good — instead of harried or judged or pandered to — why should you care that it sounds like the soundtrack to a s nature documentary? A band that signs up to play the Super Bowl halftime show is making a declaration of immense confidence in its ability to hold a spotlight. This brand of wide-screen pop attracts easy put-downs: Imagine it: Sincerity will once again be on its way out of music, only for a familiar and tender voice to ring throughout the future blogosphere.

High-profile pop songs like this are conceived as nothing less than events, ready to be performed at mega-happenings like the Super Bowl halftime show. What his audience wanted was the warmth of familiarity. The band is built to endure. As good-and-evil Christian morality falls out of fashion among the women in my social universe, a new binary has arisen to organize our outlook.

In the heavens, there is all that is feminist: In hell, there is everything else. There are no nonbelievers, and there is no limbo. Beyond just the pleasures of a classic party anthem — an infectious hook, synth chords to ramp up your heart rate — the song offers an American love story for the ages. Fetty is a drug dealer weak-kneed for the girl who can match his hustle.

When he cooks crack, she cooks crack with him. When he dreams of Lamborghinis, he dreams in matching pairs. The couple make money together, and they spend it together too — at strip clubs, on weed, on gifts for each other. What could be more romantic than two equals teaming up to build their fantasy in a difficult and unjust world? We sang about cooking crack with our babies in the aisles of Duane Reade and on the dance floors of bat mitzvahs.

Rattling trap snares drowned out the sound of ice-cream-truck jingles, and summertime was better for it. But eventually it came time to ask the inevitable: The requisite councils convened to assess. Blogs weighed the evidence. On one hand, the song was an ode to the working woman by a man secure enough to love her. On the other hand, a pop-rap song about selling drugs — written and performed by a man — seemed an unlikely entry into the feminist canon.

The women in my social circle, most of whom had never sold or even seen crack, breathed a collective sigh of relief. We had received the necessary clearance to enjoy. Apparently, anyone could be one. I wonder about the purpose of this exercise. Is it not good enough on its own? Is the gutted, feel-good pop feminism of that Bustle post the same one that moves a panel of black women to declare Fetty Wap a feminist? Or perhaps the more important question is this: In the year that conversations about identity finally entered the small-talk realm of white folks, we seem to have lost sight of the fact that not everything is created for us — not even all feminist things.

Identity politics is not always about identifying. Perhaps, in the future, we can find a way to say so without needing to claim it for ourselves. The song crept into the collective consciousness in similarly stealthy fashion. The highlight comes in its final scene, when the sculptor-heroine unveils a hideous terra-cotta bust of Richie. Richie has spent several years barnstorming arenas, quietly re-emerging as a top-grossing touring act.

Critics offered respect, but scorn leaked through: Richie was talented, but too slight and sappy to be taken seriously.